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Table 2 Bivariate analyses of personal experience with firearm violence among respondents of the Iowa FFA survey as a function of demographics and presence of firearms in the home

From: Rural youth’s exposure to firearm violence and their attitudes regarding firearm safety measures

  Personally Seen Someone Threatened with a Firearm Personally Know of Someone Killed or Injured by a Firearm
Yes n (Row %)a No n (Row %)a p value Yes n (Row %)a No n (Row %)a p value
Group N 64 (5%) 1317 (95%)   493 (36%) 887 (64%)  
Sex    0.82    0.006
 Male 31 (4%) 665 (96%)   224 (32%) 471 (68%)  
 Female 32 (5%) 648 (95%)   267 (39%) 413 (61%)  
Age    0.82    0.28
 16–18 years 41 (5%) 862 (95%)   331 (37%) 570 (63%)  
 13–15 years 23 (5%) 455 (95%)   162 (34%) 317 (66%)  
Residence    0.18    0.065
 Farm 38 (5%) 689 (95%)   239 (33%) 487 (67%)  
 Country/Not Farm 14 (6%) 236 (94%)   100 (40%) 150 (60%)  
 Town 12 (3%) 387 (97%)   152 (38%) 247 (62%)  
Race    0.059    0.25
 Caucasian 58 (4%) 1261 (96%)   467 (35%) 851 (65%)  
 Non-Caucasian 6 (10%) 55 (90%)   26 (43%) 35 (57%)  
Rifle/Shotgun in Home    0.82    0.025
 Yes 53 (5%) 1105 (95%)   428 (37%) 729 (63%)  
 No 11 (5%) 212 (95%)   65 (29%) 158 (71%)  
Handgun in Home    0.005    0.020
 Yes 48 (6%) 754 (94%)   307 (38%) 495 (62%)  
 No 16 (3%) 563 (97%)   186 (32%) 392 (68%)  
  1. a The sum of n for a variable may not equal the total Group N due to missing values