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Table 1 Overall Rates of Alcohol and Drug Screens and Use by COVID-19 Time Period, N = 4762

From: Patterns of alcohol and drug utilization in trauma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic at six trauma centers

Characteristics, n (%) Period 1, N = 2602 (55%) Period 2, N = 2160 (45%) P-value
Screened
Alcohol (missing 16) 873 (34%) 790 (37%) 0.03
Drug (missing 7) 552 (21%) 560 (26%) 0.001
Both 342 (13%) 363 (17%) 0.004
Screening results
Alcohol positive 281 (32%) 304 (39%) 0.007
Drug positive 312 (57%) 292 (52%) 0.13
Both positive 75 (22%) 89 (25%) 0.42
Neither positive 112 (33%) 130 (36%) 0.39
  1. Period 1: March 16, 2019-May 31, 2019; Period 2: March 16, 2020-May 31, 2020