Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Positive Alcohol or Drug Screening Results, N = 1025

From: Patterns of alcohol and drug utilization in trauma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic at six trauma centers

Characteristics, n (%) Period 1, N = 518 (50%) Period 2, N = 507 (49%) P-value
Sex, (male) 373 (72%) 371 (73%) 0.68
Race (white) (missing 58)    0.15
White 343 (71%) 329 (68%)  
Black 106 (22%) 109 (22%)  
Other 32 (7%) 49 (10%)  
Age range, years    0.44
18–20 21 (4%) 31 (6%)  
21–34 162 (32%) 152 (30%)  
35–64 244 (47%) 243 (48%)  
  ≥ 65 91 (18%) 81 (16%)  
Mechanism of injury    0.05
Fall 167 (32%) 147 (29%)  
Motor vehicle crash 132 (25%) 122 (24%)  
Motorcycle crash 39 (8%) 34 (7%)  
Assault 38 (7%) 22 (4%)  
Gunshot wound 51 (10%) 64 (13%)  
Other 91 (18%) 118 (23%)  
Injury severity score    0.37
1–9 297 (57%) 269 (53%)  
10–15 92 (18%) 96 (19%)  
  ≥ 16 129 (25%) 142 (28%)  
CCI, median (IQR), range 0 (0–2), (0–7) 0 (0–2), (0–7) 0.89
Comorbidities
Mental illness 76 (15%) 67 (13%) 0.50
Alcoholism 75 (14%) 130 (26%) < 0.001
Substance abuse 59 (11%) 115 (23%) < 0.001
State
Colorado 171 (33%) 160 (32%) 0.62
Texas 72 (14%) 98 (19%) 0.02
Missouri 187 (36%) 188 (37%) 0.74
Kansas 88 (17%) 61 (12%) 0.02
LOS, median (IQR), days 3 (2–7) 3 (2–7) 0.58
ICU stay 224 (43%) 192 (38%) 0.08
In-hospital mortality 23 (4%) 25 (5%) 0.70
  1. Period 1: March 16, 2019-May 31, 2019; Period 2: March 16, 2020-May 31, 2020. CCI, Charlson Comorbidity Index; LOS, hospital length of stay; IQR, interquartile range; ICU, intensive care unit