Skip to main content

Table 3 Drug and Alcohol Findings of Patients with Positive Alcohol or Drug Screening Results, N = 1025

From: Patterns of alcohol and drug utilization in trauma patients during the COVID-19 pandemic at six trauma centers

Characteristics, n (%) Period 1, N = 518 (50%) Period 2, N = 507 (49%) P-value
Drugs
Cocaine 32 (6%) 27 (5%) 0.56
Opiates 130 (25%) 122 (24%) 0.70
Benzodiazepines 78 (15%) 75 (15%) 0.91
Barbiturates 8 (2%) 4 (0.8%) 0.26
THC 154 (30%) 161 (32%) 0.48
Methamphetamine 9 (2%) 1 (0.2%) 0.02
Amphetamines 64 (12%) 67 (13%) 0.68
Ecstasy 15 (6%) 10 (4%) 0.24
PCP 16 (3%) 17 (3%) 0.95
Number of drugs, median (IQR), range 1 (0–2), (0–5) 1 (0–2), (0–4) 0.65
BAC levels (mg/dL)    0.17
  < 10 237 (46%) 203 (40%)  
 10–79 64 (12%) 78 (15%)  
 80–99 13 (3%) 12 (2%)  
 100–199 99 (19%) 88 (17%)  
  ≥ 200 105 (20%) 126 (25%)  
  1. Period 1: March 16, 2019-May 31, 2019; Period 2: March 16, 2020-May 31, 2020; THC, tetrahydrocannabinol; PCP, Phenylcyclohexyl piperidine; IQR, interquartile range; BAC, blood alcohol concentration; mg, milligram; dL, deciliter