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Table 1 Explicit and proxy ICD-9, E- and V-codes used to define violence in minnesota hospital discharge data

From: Measuring the hidden burden of violence: use of explicit and proxy codes in Minnesota injury hospitalizations, 2004–2014

  Explicit code(s) na   Proxy code(s)b Exclusion code(s)c Age restriction Sex na
Child abuse         
Abuse 995(.50–.55, 0.59) 315 Sexual abuse related codes 54.1, 98, 614.9, 922.4, V71.5, V71.81, NA  < 10 NA 855
Abandonment E904.0, E968.4 14 Neglect related codes 692.7 NA < 2 NA 0
Abuse by varies perpetrators E 967.0–.9 260   994.1, E910(.2,.4,.8,.9), E960.0 NA < 4 NA 119
Assault/homicide (struck by or against) E960.0, E968.2 1474   808, 860, 861, 863.8, 864,866,941,942,945,946, 960–979, E980 NA < 5 NA 0
Assault/homicide (fire or burn) E961, E965.6, E968(.0, .3) 4   521, 262, E869.4, E985, V60 NA < 10 NA 154
Assault/homicide (poisoning) E962(.0–.2,.9) 7 Neglect or physical abuse related codes 952 NA < 3 NA 0
Assault/homicide (suffocation) E963 7   800, 805, 852, 862, 863.2, 863.3, 865 NA < 5 NA 0
Assault/homicide (cut) E966 142 Physical abuse related codes 362.81 NA < 3 NA 4
Assault/homicide (drowning) E964 1   E965, E966, E968.2, E968.9 NA < 4 NA 15
Assault/homicide (firearm) E965(.0–.4) 98   807.0, 807.1, 811, 852.2, 853 NA < 5 NA 0
Assault/homicide (fall) E968.1 3   863.1, E988 NA < 10 NA 0
Assault/homicide (vehicle) E968.5 4       
Assault/homicide(other) E965(.5–.9), E967(.0–.9), E968 (.4,.8,.9), E969 637       
Elder Abuse         
Abuse 995(.80-.85) 5 Abrasion 910–919 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 0
Abuse by varies perpetrators E 967.0-.9 27 Bruise 920–924 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 4500
Assault/homicide (struck by or against) E960.0, E968.2 22 Burns 940–949 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 0
Assault/homicide (fire or burn) E961, E965.6, E968(.0, .3) 90 Dehydration 276.51 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 8716
Assault/homicide (poisoning) E962(.0–.2,.9) 1 Laceration 870–897 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 0
Assault/homicide (suffocation) E963 0 Malnutrition 262–263 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 10
Assault/homicide (cut) E966 1 Pressure ulcer 707 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 0
Assault/homicide (drowning) E964 9 Strangulation E963 E928.9 ≥ 65 NA 1
Assault/homicide (firearm) E965(.0–.4) 0       
Assault/homicide (fall) E968.1 2       
Assault/homicide (vehicle) E968.5 1       
Assault/homicide(other) E965(.5–.9), E967(.0–.9), E968(.4,.8,.9), E969 1       
Rape E960.1 90       
Intimate partner violence         
Abuse by ex-partner, ex-spouse, spouse, partner E967.3, V611.1 653 Injuries to face/head/neck 802.0–802.9, 873.0–873.9,900.0–900.9, 910(.0–.3, .6–.9), 918.9, 920.0–921.9, 940.0–940.5, 940.9, 941.00–941.59, 959.01, 959.09 E810.0-E819.9 ≥ 16 Female 44,435
  1. aAverage yearly count. Does not sum to sample size because there could be multiple diagnoses per individual
  2. bDetails in the Additional file 1: Appendix Table 1
  3. cCodes used in combination with proxy codes that would exclude the count of a proxy code if the record also had the exclusion code