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Table 2 Mean violence incidence rate ratios and percent county population characteristics for Minnesota 2004–2014

From: Measuring the hidden burden of violence: use of explicit and proxy codes in Minnesota injury hospitalizations, 2004–2014

Violence subtypes Mean IRR per year (SD)
Explicit Proxy
Child abuse 21 (70) 8 (22)
Elder abuse 2 (5) 106 (196)
Intimate partner violence 5 (19) 294 (762)
Level socio-demographic characteristics Percent (SD)
Percentage of all ages in poverty 11 (3)
Percentage of people of colora 9 (8)
Percentage of unemployed 6 (2)
Percentage less than high school education 17 (7)
Urban n (%) 31 (36)
  1. IRR incidence rate ratio
  2. aPeople of color includes people who are American Indian, Asian, Black, Two or more races, and people who are Hispanic of any race