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Table 4 Fully adjustedb negative binomal regression with GEE: incidence rate ratio for the association between all county level socio-demographic characteristics and injury codes

From: Measuring the hidden burden of violence: use of explicit and proxy codes in Minnesota injury hospitalizations, 2004–2014

  Child Maltreatment Elder IPV
  Explicit Proxy Combined Explicit Proxy Combined Explicit Proxy Combined
  IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI
Percent of all ages in poverty                   
Less than 11.3% Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
11.3% or higher 1.36 1.09–1.68 1.12 0.88–1.43 1.27 1.03–1.55 1.06 0.83–1.36 0.98 0.82–1.16 0.97 0.82–1.15 0.84 0.61–1.16 1.02 0.90–1.16 1.02 0.90–1.16
Percent of people of colora                   
Less than 9.4% Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
9.4% or higher 1.46 1.17–1.81 1.37 1.05–1.79 1.43 1.16–1.77 1.42 1.14–1.77 0.98 0.84–1.14 0.98 0.84–1.14 1.30 0.93–1.84 1.16 1.02–1.32 1.16 1.03–1.32
Percent unemployed                   
Less than 5.8% Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
5.8% or higher 1.42 1.17–1.74 1.15 0.88–1.50 1.32 1.08–1.60 1.58 1.27–1.97 1.06 0.90–1.25 1.06 0.91–1.25 1.73 1.30–2.30 1.13 1.00–1.28 1.14 1.01–1.29
Percent less than high school education                   
Less than 17.5% Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
17.5% or greater 1.09 0.90–1.32 0.90 0.67–1.21 1.02 0.84–1.24 0.74 0.58–0.95 1.18 1.00–1.39 1.18 1.00–1.38 0.86 0.64–1.17 1.06 0.94–1.19 1.06 0.94–1.19
Urban                   
Rural Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Urban 0.95 0.78–1.16 0.88 0.65–1.18 0.92 0.75–1.12 1.03 0.79–1.35 0.91 0.76–1.10 0.91 0.76–1.10 0.99 0.70–1.39 0.93 0.81–1.07 0.93 0.81–1.07
Year                   
Year 0.98 0.97–1.00 1.03 1.02–1.05 1.00 0.99–1.01 1.03 1.01–1.06 1.12 1.11–1.13 1.12 1.11–1.13 0.98 0.96–1.01 1.04 1.03–1.04 1.04 1.03–1.04
  1. IRR incidence rate ratio
  2. aPeople of color includes people who are American Indian, Asian, Black, Two or more races, and people who are Hispanic of any race
  3. bPercent poverty, percent minority, urbanicity, percent unemployed and percent less than high school education