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Table 3 Hand and wrist injuries requiring surgery

From: Hand and wrist injuries among collegiate athletes vary with athlete division

Division Injuries requiring surgery (%) Surgery rate/10,000 athlete exposurea 95% CI OR (between divisions) 95% CI P value
All sports
 Division I 4.45 0.27 0.25 0.30 Ref    
 Division II 3.56 0.15 0.10 0.20 0.54 0.50 0.60  < 0.01
 Division III 3.12 0.16 0.13 0.20 0.60 0.56 0.65  < 0.01
 All divisions 3.78 0.20 0.19 0.21    
Men's sport
 Division I 4.88 0.34 0.31 0.38 Ref    
 Division II 4.37 0.20 0.13 0.28 0.59 0.53 0.65  < 0.01
 Division III 3.36 0.2 0.15 0.24 0.57 0.52 0.62  < 0.01
 All divisions 4.22 0.25 0.24 0.27    
Women’s sports
 Division I 3.22 0.14 0.11 0.18 Ref    
 Division II 1.65 0.06 0.00 0.11 0.39 0.31 0.50  < 0.01
 Division III 2.57 0.11 0.06 0.16 0.76 0.65 0.89 0.01
 All divisions 2.65 0.11 0.09 0.13    
  1. aAthlete exposure include practice and competition