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Table 1 Prevalence and extent of experiences of violence (EVs) among respondents and estimates for the adult population of California

From: Experiences of violence in daily life among adults in California: a population-representative survey

EV type Respondents (n = 2870) Estimated N of adults in California
Unweighted n Weighted % (95% CI) N (95% CI) (in millions)
Community environment
These days…how much of a problem are gunshots and shootings in your neighborhood?
 Not a problem 1909 62.3 (59.5–65.0) 18.7 (17.9–19.5)
 Small problem 557 21.1 (18.8–23.5) 6.3 (5.7–7.1)
 Big problem 160 7.4 (5.9–9.2) 2.2 (1.8–2.8)
In an average week…how many sidewalk memorials did you see at places where people died from violence?
 0 1625 52.8 (50.0–55.6) 15.9 (15.0–16.7)
 1 514 18.7 (16.6–21.0) 5.6 (5.0–6.3)
 2–3 483 17.4 (15.3–19.6) 5.2 (4.6–5.9)
 ≥ 4 165 6.8 (5.5–8.5) 2.0 (1.7–2.6)
Social network
How many people that you know personally have ever been shot by someone else on purpose?
 0 2146 73.1 (70.5–75.5) 22.0 (21.2–22.7)
 1 297 9.5 (8.0–11.2) 2.9 (2.4–3.4)
 ≥ 2 275 10.1 (8.6–12.0) 3.0 (2.6–3.6)
How many people that you know personally have ever shot themselves on purpose?
 0 2219 80.5 (78.3–82.5) 24.2 (23.5–24.8)
 1 411 11.0 (9.6–12.6) 3.3 (2.9–3.8)
 ≥ 2 136 3.6 (2.7–4.7) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)
Are you concerned that anyone you know might physically hurt another person on purpose?
 No 2528 87.4 (85.4–89.2) 26.3 (25.7–26.8)
 Yes, 1 person 195 7.2 (5.8–8.8) 2.2 (1.7–2.6)
 Yes, ≥ 2 persons 126 4.6 (3.6–5.9) 1.4 (1.1–1.8)
Are you concerned that anyone you know might physically hurt themselves on purpose?
 No 2469 86.4 (84.4–88.2) 26.0 (25.4–26.5)
 Yes, 1 person 226 7.8 (6.4–9.5) 2.3 (1.9–2.9)
 Yes, ≥ 2 persons 158 5.1 (4.0–6.4) 1.5 (1.2–1.9)
Aggregate measures
Number of distinct EVs
 0 1000 35.4 (32.7–38.1) 10.6 (9.8–11.5)
 1 1013 34.9 (32.3–37.6) 10.5 (9.7–11.3)
 2 528 18.4 (16.3–20.6) 5.5 (4.9–6.2)
 ≥ 3 329 11.4 (9.7–13.2) 3.4 (2.9–4.0)
Number of known persons who have been shot or shot themselves on purpose
 0 1863 67.4 (64.8–69.9) 20.3 (19.5–21.0)
 Upper bounda    
  1 496 14.1 (12.4–15.9) 4.3 (3.7–4.8)
  ≥ 2 455 15.1 (13.2–17.2) 4.5 (4.0–5.2)
 Lower bounda    
  1 569 16.1 (14.4–18.1) 4.8 (4.3–5.4)
  ≥ 2 382 13.0 (11.3–15.0) 3.9 (3.4–4.5)
Number of known persons perceived to be at risk of violence
 0 2255 78.5 (76.1–80.7) 23.6 (22.9–24.3)
 Upper bounda    
  1 317 11.1 (9.5–13.0) 3.4 (2.9–3.9)
  ≥ 2 287 9.9 (8.4–11.7) 3.0 (2.5–3.5)
 Lower bounda    
 1 351 12.5 (10.7–14.5) 4.8 (3.2–4.4)
 ≥ 2 253 8.5 (7.1–10.2) 2. 6 (2.1–3.1)
Combined social network EVs: number of known persons who have been shot or shot themselves on purpose or are perceived to be at risk of violence
 0 1600 58.8 (56.1–61.5) 17.7 (16.8–18.5)
 Upper bounda    
  1 534 16.5 (14.6–18.6) 5.0 (4.4–5.6)
  ≥ 2 731 24.4 (22.1–26.8) 7.3 (6.6–8.1)
 Lower bounda    
  1 687 21.2 (19.1–23.5) 6.4 (5.7–7.1)
  ≥ 2 578 19.7 (17.6–22.0) 5.9 (5.3–6.6)
  1. Refusals and “don’t know” responses are not shown. See “Methods” in supplement for exact text of questions
  2. aSee “Methods” section for details of calculation