Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients who were treated at UC San Diego after sustaining musculoskeletal injuries at the border between the USA and Mexico from 2013–2019

From: Musculoskeletal injuries sustained at the California, USA: Baja California, Mexico border

  All patients
(n = 168)
Operative care
(n = 115)
Non-operative care (n = 53)
Age, mean (SD) 33.0 (9.7) 32.9 (9.8) 33.1 (9.4)
Gender, % Female 25.6 24.3 28.3
Ethnicity, %
Hispanic 84.5 84.4 84.9
Non-Hispanic 14.3 14.7 13.2
Unknown 1.2 0.9 1.9
Race, %
Unknown/no record 4.8 6.1 1.9
Other 81.5 82.6 79.3
White 10.1 8.7 13.2
Asian 3.6 2.6 5.7
Primary language, %
Chinese 0.6 0.9
English 9.5 7.8 13.2
Guajarati 0.6 0.9
Hindi 1.8 2.6
Mandarin 2.4 1.7 3.8
Other 2.4 1.7 3.8
Punjabi 2.4 2.6 1.9
Russian 0.6 1.9
Spanish 78.6 80.0 75.5
Unknown 1.2 1.7
Injury severity score, mean (SD) 9.0 (6.5) 8.5 (5.4) 10.2 (8.3)
Abbreviated Injury Scale, mean (SD)
Head/neck 2.5 (1.0) 2.3 (0.6) 2.7 (1.2)
Face 1.8 (0.7) 1.7 (0.2) 1.8 (0.4)
Chest 2.4 (0.7) 2.5 (0.8) 2.3 (0.6)
Abdomen/pelvis 2.5 (0.6) 2.7 (0.6) 2.3 (0.6)
Extremities 2.3 (1.0) 2.4 (1.1) 1.9 (0.6)
External 1.0 (0.3) 1.1 (0.3) 1.1 (0.3)
Number of injuries, mean (SD) 1.5 (0.8) 1.5 (0.8) 1.4 (0.6)
Multiple injuries, %
Bilateral 14.9 18.3 7.5
Unilateral 8.3 9.6 5.7
Number of injuries, %
One 65.5 63.5 69.8
Two 32.2 23.5 22.6
Three 10.7 12.2 7.5
 > Three 0.6 0.9