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Table 3 Injury details by operative (Op) or non-operative (Non) care and injury site for patients who were treated at UC San Diego from 2013–2019 after sustaining musculoskeletal injuries at the US–Mexico border

From: Musculoskeletal injuries sustained at the California, USA: Baja California, Mexico border

  All patients Lower extremity Upper extremity Spine Pelvis
All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non
n = 168 n = 115 n = 53 n = 114 n = 91 n = 21 n = 37 n = 15 n = 18 n = 42 n = 11 n = 24 n = 10 n = 5 n = 3
Open Injuries n (%) 34 (25.6) 30 (26.1) 13 (24.5) 27 (23.7) 22 (24.2) 4 (19) 23 (62.1) 10 (66.6) 11 (61.1) 4 (9.5) 1 (9.1) 1 (4.2) 2 (20) 2 (40) 0
(0)
Required ex-fixa, n (%) 36 (21.4) 36 (31.4) 0 (0) 36 (31.6) 36 (39.6) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 1 (6.7) 0 (0) 2 (4.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Post-op follow-up, n (%) 22 (13.1) 21 (18.3) 1 (1.9) 19 (16.6) 17 (18.7) 2 (8.7) 3 (8.1) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 1 (2.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (10) 1 (20) 0 (0)
  1. aExternal fixator