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Table 4 Injury, procedure, length of stay, and pain characteristicsa by operative (Op) and non-operative (Non) care and injury site for patients who were treated at UC San Diego from 2013–2019 after sustaining musculoskeletal injuries at the US–Mexico border

From: Musculoskeletal injuries sustained at the California, USA: Baja California, Mexico border

  All Lower extremity Upper extremity Spine Pelvis
All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non All Op Non
n = 168 n = 115 n = 53 n = 114 n = 91 n = 21 n = 37 n = 15 n = 18 n = 42 n = 11 n = 24 n = 10 n = 5 n = 3
Number of Injuries 1.5 (0.8) 1.5 (0.9) 1.4 (0.6) 1.6 (0.9) 1.5 (0.9) 1.6 (0.7) 1.8 (0.8) 1.8 (0.9) 1.6 (0.7) 1.7 (1.1) 1.9 (1.8) 1.5 (0.7) 2.1 (0.7) 2.4 (0.9) 1.7 (0.6)
Number of Procedures 1.1 (1.1) 1.8 (1.2)   1.6 (1.4) 2.0 (1.3)   0.7 (0.8) 1.3 (0.6)   0.6 (0.9) 1.5 (1.0)   1.1 (1.0) 1.8 (0.8)  
Length of stay, days
Total 7.8 (8.1) 9.7 (8.4) 3.9 (6.0) 9.3 (8.7) 10.7 (8.8) 3.7 (5.2) 5.7 (7.4) 5.1 (5.2) 6.2 (9.5) 6.1 (5.9) 9.6 (5.3) 3.8 (5.3) 8.6 (6.0) 7.8 (2.4) 10.0 (12.1)
Admission to Surgery 1.1 (1.5) 1.1 (1.5)   1.1 (1.5) 1.1 (1.5)   1.0 (1.3) 1.1 (1.3)   1.9 (2.4) 1.8 (2.3)   1.6 (1.3) 1.2 (1.3)  
Surgery to discharge 4.3 (4.6) 4.3 (4.6)   4.3 (4.9) 4.4 (4.9)   3.2 (2.6) 2.9 (2.7)   5.6 (3.7) 6.7 (3.9)   5.9 (2.4) 5.8 (2.9)  
Average pain, 1–10
Hospital stay 4.1 (2.0) 4.4 (1.8) 3.5 (2.2) 4.2 (1.9) 4.6 (1.8) 2.9 (1.8) 4.0 (2.2) 3.5 (1.7) 4.5 (2.7) 3.6 (1.7) 4.4 (1.0) 3.2 (1.9) 3.9 (1.4) 3.6 (1.0) 3.8 (0.7)
Post-op day 1 4.9 (2.2) 4.9 (1.3)   5.9 (2.1) 5.5 (2.1)   4.2 (2.8) 4.0 (3.0)   4.9 (1.8) 4.7 (1.8)   3.7 (2.3) 3.7 (0.4)  
  1. amean (SD)